”The principle of legitimate representation must be rejected, » it was mentioned in the draft resolution prepared for the session of the Bundestag by the parties in power in Germany united around the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD).
Furthermore, according to the draft of this document, the German federal government is proposed to call on the leaders of Serbia and Croatia to distance themselves from the ethnic separatist forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). Istraga. ba managed to take possession of this document which refers to BiH and which should be harmonized during the next week.
Below are the most important details of the draft resolution.
”The adoption of a constitution based on democratic principles, in accordance with the European Convention on Human Rights, through an inclusive process involving civil society and the opposition, is essential to bring the country closer to the European Union (EU).
The necessary amendments to the Constitution and the electoral law of Bosnia and Herzegovina must aim to overcome the ethnic divisions in the country. The relevant judgments of the European Court of Human Rights (mainly in the Sejdic-Finci, Zornic, Pudaric, Slaku and Pilav cases) must be executed in full and in substance. The Bundestag notes with great concern that the negative influence of neighboring countries on a possible reform of the electoral law is increasing. The so-called “principle of legitimate representation” must be rejected,” it is specified.
According to in the opinion of the Bundestag, this hinders the equal participation of all citizens in the political process and is not in line with EU values and standards, this further deepen the division of Bosnia and Herzegovina and implement the relevant judgments of the European Court of Human Rights.
”The very creation of a third entity, in addition to the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB-H) and the Republika Srpska (RS), would jeopardize the territorial integrity of the country and run counter to the objective of a pluralistic civil society,” this is stated in the internal document which will serve as the basis for the Bundestag resolution on Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The document further indicates that it is important to prevent the simple modification of the electoral law without changing the constitution, only to conceal the persistence of the ethnic division, and underlines that “the elections to come this autumn require the greatest attention and international support. ”
”The obstruction, boycott or manipulation of the elections by these political forces would have serious consequences”, it is stated in the draft.
In order to maintain an environment conducive to corruption and clientelism, the document continues, some political leaders are increasingly betting on separatism, hatred and hate speech.
”In particular, the political actions of nationalist politicians such as Milorad Dodik, currently a member of the BiH presidency, and Dragan Covic, chairman of the HDZ BiH party, are aimed at destroying BiH as a state and home to a population diversified. This policy is a threat to peace in South Eastern Europe; this is unacceptable and demands resolute and firm resistance from the EU, its Member States and the international community,” write the proposers of the document which should be examined on May 16 and 17 by the Committee of Representative Groups of the parties in power.
The promoters recall that last December, the RS entity started activities leading to the withdrawal of the army, from the tax system at the level of BiH and that from the summer of 2021, the representatives of RS boycott the state institutions. Anti-constitutional and paramilitary parades have taken place in Banja Luka on several occasions in the presence of high representatives of Serbia and Russia.
”The RS government’s secessionist rhetoric and constant attacks on state institutions continue to undermine the Dayton Peace Accord. Further undermining the Dayton Peace Agreement and the European legal order, in particular the Stabilization and Association Agreement, which entered into force in 2016, carries significant foreign and security policy risks for the EU say the supporters.
Genocide denial is also one of the topics discussed in this document.
”The war in BiH and the genocide in Srebrenica represent the failure of the international community to resolutely oppose this policy. The post-war order in BiH was based on the idea that all peoples could live together in a common state and that there would be lasting peace. The peace agreement, the Office of the High Representative, the international peacekeeping force and the prospect of EU membership contributed significantly to the fact that there was no escalation serious violence in Bosnia and Herzegovina since 1995. On the other hand, the Dayton Peace Agreement left the country without functioning state structures and preserved the ethnic divisions that deepened as a result of the war instead to overcome them. The result is a constitution that is partly undemocratic, encourages patronage and discriminates against many citizens of BiH,” it is indicated in the document.
According to the document, members of the Serbian political leadership not only show a lack of distance from the nationalist idea of ”Greater Serbia”, but also support these ideas in their statements.
”Strong support for the Russian authorities, led by Putin, the divisive forces in the region, should not be underestimated. Russia has an undisguised interest in destabilizing the Western Balkan region, and therefore the EU. As a sovereign state, BiH has the right to choose freely. In this context, the Bundestag positively notes the country’s desire to move closer to NATO, which has been expressed, among other things, by the acceptance of the Membership Action Plan 2019,” the draft resolution states. .
Corruption has also been identified as one of the major problems in BiH. Therefore, the Bundestag intends to ask the Federal Government to monitor the United States (US) and the United Kingdom (UK) with regard to sanctions against BiH officials.
”The German Bundestag calls on the Federal Government to continue to vigorously advocate sanctions in the EU, in close coordination with the United States and the United Kingdom, targeting individuals, institutions and companies that: violate sovereignty, territorial integrity, constitutional order and international law personality of Bosnia and Herzegovina; seriously jeopardize security in Bosnia and Herzegovina or call into question the General Framework Agreement for Peace (Dayton Agreement) in Bosnia and Herzegovina and its annexes, including the measures introduced as part of its implementation,” it is written in the document.
If passed, the Bundestag would ask the German government to call on “Serbian leaders, also taking into account the ongoing EU accession process, and Croatia to distance themselves from ethnic separatist forces in BiH”. . In addition, he called for supporting EUFOR forces and then strengthening the OHR, as well as “actively monitoring and supporting Bosnia and Herzegovina’s approach to NATO and implement it in the implementation of the Membership Action Plan”.